Philosophy of Technology
and Artificial Intelligence
Luca M. Possati is a researcher and lecturer at the University of Porto, Portugal. Educated as philosopher, he has been lecturer at the Institut Catholique de Paris and associate researcher of the Fonds Ricoeur and EHESS (Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales). He is associate editor for Humanities & Social Sciences Communications.
His research focuses on the philosophy of technology and in particular on the social and ethical impacts of artificial intelligence. His approach combines philosophy, psychology, and the actor-network theory. The study of the formation and development of algorithmic biases through psychoanalytic methods is at the core of his project.
He has published numerous papers and books on phenomenology, and history of contemporary philosophy. He is the author of The Algorithmic Unconscious. How Psychanalysis Helps in Understanding AI (Routledge, 2021).
Psychoanalyzing AI - New article
Psychoanalyzing artificial intelligence: the case of Replika. AI & Soc (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-021-01379-7
Algorithmic Unconscious - new article
“Algorithmic Unconscious. Why Psychoanalysis Helps in Understanding AI.” Palgrave Communications (70): 1-41. Published.
Freud and the algorithm - new article
“Freud and the algorithm: neuropsychoanalysis as a framework to understand artificial general intelligence.” Humanities and Social Sciences Communications 8 (132). Published.
Software and Experience - new article
“Software and Experience. A Phenomenological Analysis of Digital Technology.” Hermès. Cognition, communication, politique 1 (86): 1-21. Published.
Interview on Transhumanism - Daily Philosophy
Transhumanism is a general worldview that implies a certain evaluation of human nature and the relationship between human nature and technology. We can find transhumanist ideas in literature, art, cinema, but also in politics or science.
Conference AI and psychoanalysis
“Noise, information, and the algorithmic unconscious. A new perspective on AI”
King’s College London
Collège International de Philosophie
Thur. 11 Nov 5-7pm BST
“In this illuminating book, Luca M. Possati explores the unconscious dimension of Artificial Intelligence. Its main thesis is that in the age of big data and self-learning neural networks ‘machine behavior’ has become dark and impenetrable and is in need for interpretation. Combining Lacanian psychoanalysis and Latour’s actor-network theory the author offers an original and timely analysis of how we project our deepest desires in AI technologies and pleas for a new ‘subcortical AI’.”
This book claims that continental philosophy gives us a new understanding of digital technology, and software in particular; its main thesis being that software is like a text, so it involves a hermeneutic process. A hermeneutic understanding of software allows us to explain those aspects of software that escape a strictly technical definition, such as the relationship with the user, the human being, and the social and cultural transformations that software produces. The starting point of the book is the fracture between living experience and the code. In the first chapter, the author argues that the code is the origin of the digital experience, while remaining hidden, invisible. The second chapter explores how the software can be seen as a text in Ricoeur’s sense. Before being an algorithm, code or problem solving, software is an act of interpretation. The third chapter connects software to the history of writing, following Kittler’s suggestions.